Under the monarchy, Nam Giao Sacrifice used to be the most important ceremony of the country. Nguyen Emperors, considered the Heaven’s Son, implemented the ceremony to pray for the nice weather and prosperity of the country. During the ceremony, the emperors put on the gown embroidered with five-claw dragon pattern accompanied with other symbols as sun, moon, star, cloud, moutain, and etc. The gown did not reflect only the power of the emperors, but also the relationship between the “Heaven’s Son” and Human.
This gown was acknowledged as the National Treasure in 2015.
Emperor Khai Dinh in the gown of the Giao sacrificial ceremony (1924)